All you need to know about esteemed mathematician John Tukey!
John Wilder Tukey is a renowned mathematician who came up with the Fourier Transform (FFT) algorithm and box plot. He was one of who coined the term of bit, the Tukey range test, Tukey lambda distribution, the Tukey test of additivity and Teichmuller-Tukey lemma all goes to his credit.
His early life and education!
He was born in New Bedford, Massachusetts in 1915 to a Latin teacher father and a private tutor mother. He was mainly taught by his mother and only went to regular classes for special subjects like French. He obtained B.A. in 1936 and M.Sc. in 1937 in Chemistry, from Brown University. Later, he got admission to Princeton University where he received Ph.D. in Mathematics.
During World War II, John Tukey worked at the fire control Research office where he collaborated with Samuels Wilks and William Cochran where he helped design the U – SPY plane. After the war, he returned to AT&T Bell Laboratories. He became a full professor at the age of 35, and he also became the founding Chairman of the Princeton Statistics Department in 1965.
Contribution to Society!
He has many civil contributions under his cap apart from mathematical discovery, from the year 1960 to 1980 he helped NBC television design network polls which were uses to predict and analyze election. He was also a consultant to the Educational Testing Service as well. In the year 1973, he was awarded the prestigious award National medal of science. He took retirement in the year 1985. On July 26, 2000, Tukey left the world.
Best John Tukey Quotations Collection
“In rating ease of description as very important, we are essentially asserting a belief in quantitative knowledge – a belief that most of the key questions in our world sooner or later demand answers to ‘by how much?’ rather than merely to ‘in which direction?’”
“An approximate answer to the right question is worth far more than a precise answer to the wrong one.”
“Numerical quantities focus on expected values, graphical summaries on unexpected values.”
“The greatest value of a picture is when it forces us to notice what we never expected to see.”
“Far better an approximate answer to the right question, which is often vague, than the exact answer to the wrong question, which can always be made precise.”
“An approximate answer to the right problem is worth a good deal more than an exact answer to an approximate problem.”